How Electrical Relay Works?
The are various type of relay available in the market such as power relays, solid-state relays, PCB relays, sensor relays, socket relays, time delay relay and many more. Relay is a simple electrical switching mechanism which use electromagnet to control and complete a circuit by using a low-power signal. In this post, we will take readers to learn how a relay works. More after the jump.
Relay was originally invented by Joseph Henry, an American Scientist in 1835. Joseph invents a basic relay system to improve his very own version of electrical telegraph.
A relay is a simple yet important electrical part which can be found easily in any electrical device and the most basic example is on off switching system. You may find a relay is your tv remote control and so on which is used to control electrical output.
How it Works?
Relays are such a simple device which consist four important part. A simple relays consist coil with soft iron core, moveable armature, spring and set of electrical contacts.
Refer figure, When the switch is on, electromagnet generates a magnetic field to activate the armature to complete the circuit. When switch is off, no magnetic field will be generated and in this case, the circuit is not complete.